MMII by Inspired Idea All Rights Reserved
INDIAN WAR LED TO TAXATION
The American colonists welcomed the British troops sent
to them to fight the French and Indian War (1754-1763),
but they didnt know British Parliament would later
tax them to help pay for the costs of the war, and still
not allow any American representatives in Parliament.
RIGHTS OF LIFE, LIBERTY AND PROPERTY UPHELD BY
"Life, liberty and property" was a reference to
Adam and Eve being given life, free will, and dominion
over the Earth by their Creator first published by
Englishman John Locke in 1690, and upheld by the
Man subject only to the laws of his Maker
In 1761 patriot James Otis spoke for five hours
"Against the Writs of Assistance" which allowed
the British to search anyone or anything for suspected
smuggled goods. This was contrary to British common law.
Young John Adams made the following note of his speech:
"He asserted that every man, merely natural, was an
independent sovereign, subject to no law but the law
written on his heart and revealed to him by his Maker, in
the constitution of his nature and the inspiration of his
understanding and his conscience. His right to his life,
his liberty, no created being could rightfully contest.
Nor was his right to his property less
incontestable...When general councils and deliberations
commenced, the objects could be no other than the mutual
defense and security of every individual for his life,
his liberty, and his property."
BRITAIN BEGAN LIMITING LIBERTY AND PROPERTY
To keep the peace with the Indians, Britains Royal
Proclamation of 1763 stated, "that no private person
do presume to make any purchase from the said Indians of
any lands reserved to the said Indians within those parts
of our colonies where we have thought proper to allow
settlement; but that if at any time any of the said
Indians should be inclined to dispose of the said lands,
the same shall be purchased only for us, in our name, at
some public meeting or assembly of the said
"Sons of Liberty" (1765)
In England, British Colonel Barre used the phrase
"Sons of Liberty" while protesting the
Quartering Act and Stamp Act in Parliament, and American
patriots took up the name.
Quartering Act and Stamp Act
In 1765 Parliament passed the Quartering Act, requiring
colonists to provide food and shelter for soldiers; and
the Stamp Act, a tax requiring costly official stamps on
all legal documents and paper goods.
No taxation without representation
The slogan of the Sons of Liberty was "No taxation
Acts of rebellion led to repeal of the Stamp Act
The Sons of Liberty tarred and feathered British customs
officials, boycotted British goods, and committed other
acts of rebellion. This, along with the printing of
protests, eventually let to the Stamp Acts repeal.
Parliament passed Townshend Acts (1766) and
American militia prepared for battle
Parliament suspended New York's assembly, and they taxed
glass, lead, paper, paint, and tea (Townshend Acts). In
response, the colonies began to establish their own
"committees of safety" to supply their militia
and prepare for battle.
BRITAIN PRESSURED BOSTON WITH 4,000 TROOPS (1768)
Britain pressured Boston by sending 4,000 troops in hopes
the other colonies would submit to the taxes.
Boston Massacre (1770)
In 1770 a riot occurred when a British soldier hit a
youth with his rifle butt, ending in the deaths of 5
Americans. This became known as the Boston Massacre. As a
result, the British soldiers withdrew from Boston.
Most Townshend taxes lifted (1770)
About a month after the massacre, all of the Townshend
taxes were lifted except the tea tax.
Parliaments Tea Act and Boston Tea Party
In 1773 Parliament passed the Tea Act, which placed a
lower price on tea, but gave Britain a monopoly. Several
months after the Tea Act, Sons of Liberty boarded tea
laden British East India ships and dumped it into Boston
Intolerable Acts (1774)
British King George III punished Massachusetts for the
Boston tea party by passing the Coercive (Intolerable)
Acts, which closed the port of Boston, bringing business
to a halt.
Colonies united and formed the First Continental
The colonies united to protest the Intolerable Acts, and
sent representatives to the First Continental Congress.
THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE WAS NOT FIRST
SENT TO KING GEORGE
In 1774 the Continental Congress wrote a declaration to
the King George, which demanded reopening Boston Harbor
and recognition of ten rights including "life,
liberty and property."
The first battles of the War of Independence at
Lexington and Concord (1775)
The colonists' demands in their 1774 declaration were met
with British attacks at Lexington and Concord during the
spring of 1775. Thus began the War of Independence
Second declaration of Second Continental Congress
After Lexington and Concord the Second Continental
Congress appointed George Washington commander-in-chief
of the militia. They wrote a declaration to take up arms,
yet still hoped for reconciliation with Britain.
Third declaration was Declaration of Independence
The first two continental congresses hoped for
reconciliation with England, but the Third Continental
Congress wrote The Declaration of Independence declaring
America to be independent from Britain.
purchase something in order to make a point
||a meeting of
the American leaders before and during the War of
||to buy goods
from outside the country
with weapons who defend their homes
right to sell a product or service
be friends again
||A name given
to radical American patriots
||A tax where
paper goods, especially legal documents, required
a stamp from British officials
on glass, lead, paper, paint, and tea